What Were the Major Agreements from the Yalta and Potsdam Conference

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The Yalta and Potsdam Conferences were two pivotal events in World War II that shaped the post-war world. These conferences saw the participation of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union, and their outcomes have had significant geopolitical effects that are still felt today. In this article, we will delve into the major agreements that were reached during these conferences.

The Yalta Conference was held from February 4-11, 1945, in Yalta, Crimea. The purpose of the conference was to discuss the post-war reorganization of Europe and to formalize the alliance between the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union. The three leaders, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin, agreed on several key points, including the following:

1. Division of Germany: The Allied powers agreed to divide Germany into four occupation zones, with each occupying power having control over a specific region.

2. Reparations: The Soviet Union demanded that Germany pay large reparations for the damage caused during World War II. The Allies agreed to allow the Soviet Union to take reparations from their own occupation zone.

3. Poland: The Allies agreed to establish a new Polish government that would be based on free elections. The Soviet Union agreed to join the war against Japan once Germany was defeated.

4. United Nations: The Allies agreed to establish a new international organization called the United Nations that would replace the failed League of Nations.

The Potsdam Conference, held from July 17 to August 2, 1945, was the final conference between the Allied leaders. However, the conference was marked by tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. The major agreements reached during the conference include:

1. Demilitarization of Germany: The Allies agreed to disarm Germany and eliminate its ability to wage war.

2. War Crimes Trials: The Allies agreed to hold war crimes trials against Nazi leaders.

3. Reparations: The Soviet Union demanded that Germany pay reparations, and they were granted some of the industrial equipment from their occupation zone.

4. Poland: The Soviet Union was granted control over eastern Poland, while the western part of the country was placed under the control of the Allied powers.

5. Germany`s Borders: The Allies agreed to shift Germany`s borders to the west and to eliminate the German colonies.

In conclusion, the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences were vital in shaping the post-World War II world. The agreements reached during these conferences have had long-lasting impacts that are still being felt today. The conferences also marked the beginning of a new era of international cooperation that led to the establishment of the United Nations and helped prevent another world war.

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