Exercise on Subject Verb Agreement for Class 10

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As students move on to higher grades, proper grammar and syntax become more critical than ever before. One of the most important grammar concepts that every student needs to learn is subject-verb agreement. The subject-verb agreement is a rule that helps in determining the proper form of the verb that should be used with the subject of the sentence.

While it seems like a simple concept, students still tend to struggle with it. To help class 10 students master subject-verb agreement, it is necessary to begin with the basics.

First, it is essential to understand the role that the subject and verb play in a sentence. The subject is the person, place, or thing that the sentence is about, while the verb is the action that the subject is performing. When a sentence is constructed, the subject and verb must agree in number, gender, and tense.

For example, “He runs every morning” is an appropriate subject-verb agreement, while “He run every morning” is not. In the first sentence, “he” is the subject, and “runs” is the verb. They both agree in number and tense as the singular subject requires a singular verb.

Secondly, it is important to identify subjects and verbs correctly. Students should be able to recognize a subject in a sentence by asking themselves “Who or what is doing the action?” The verb, on the other hand, can be found by asking “What is the action being performed?”

Thirdly, students should understand the various rules that guide subject-verb agreement. These rules include:

1. A singular subject requires a singular verb. For example, “The cat is sleeping.”

2. A plural subject requires a plural verb. For example, “The cats are sleeping.”

3. When using a compound subject with and, the verb should be plural. For example, “Tom and Jerry are running.”

4. When using a compound subject with or/neither/nor, the verb should agree with the subject closest to it. For example, “Neither the teacher nor the students are excited.”

5. Collective nouns can be either singular or plural based on context. For example, “The team is practicing” or “The team are practicing their moves.”

6. Indefinite pronouns like “anyone,” “everyone,” and “somebody” are singular and should be paired with singular verbs. For example, “Everyone has done their homework.”

Lastly, students can practice subject-verb agreement by going through different types of exercises. These exercises should involve identifying subjects and verbs in sentences and determining if they agree correctly. Students can also be tasked with identifying simple, compound, and complex sentences and determining subject-verb agreement rules applicable in each.

In conclusion, mastering subject-verb agreement is crucial for class 10 students. As a professional, I urge students to take the time to understand the rules and practice regularly to ensure they can use this grammar rule effectively. With practice and dedication, students will be well on their way to becoming proficient writers with impeccable grammar skills.

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